General Care

The knowledge and care with which the sewing machine is handled determines to some extent the pleasure and satisfaction in its use as well as the service that it renders.

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Many fabrics, when sewed, drop lint and particles of filler.

These, with dust moisture from the air, all work together on the sewing machine to create a film that is best removed from time to time.

A good craftsman in meticulous in the care of his tools.

When the sewing machine is used all day and every day, it should be oiled every day. When used less continuously, a weekly oiling is usually adequate.

Oil is never place on the machine before the dust and lint are removed.

The sewing machine instruction book carries diagrams for procedures for oiling the machine being used.

It is best to devote some study to these diagrams while the machine is new to avoid overlooking any of the points indicated.

Oil keeps the sewing machine running freely, preventing friction and wear.

A sewing machine, like all other machinery, will not give proper satisfaction if the working parts are allowed to become dry or gummed with a poor grade of oil.

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Always remove dust, lint, thread,etc.,especially in and around the shuttle race, before oiling any part of the machine or stand.

Keep the machine covered when not in use, dust is hard on machinery parts.

When you store the machine with the pressure foot down, keep a piece of material between the pressure foot and the sharp feed dogs to protect the pressure foot.

Removal Of Dust & Lint

Expose the moving part of the sewing machine by removing the throat plate, the face plate, the slide plate, and the bobbin case assembly.

The lint and dust particles are best remover with a small brush reserved for cleaning purposes.

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A hand vacuum cleaner is invaluable for taking away the dust and lint that eludes the brush or that is merely dislodge by it.

The round cover plat at the back of many machines, when turned upward, reveals working parts at the top of the upright are that requires dusting and oiling.

Several other machines have cover plates underneath to protect the moving mechanism. To reach these oiling points at the base of the machine, remove this cover plate as well.

General Oiling For Sewing Machines

There are several general rules for oiling all sewing machines.

Always use high quality sewing machine oil on sewing machines.

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The lubricating qualities are right for your machine and there is not harmful residue formed when the machine is idle.

Oil the sewing machine thoroughly following the diagrams in the instruction book, point by point, until every oiling point is completely familiar.

Do not drench the machine with oil one drop at each oiling point is usually sufficient.

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However, where there is a wick to hold and dispense the oil several drops are used.

Oil holes in the enclosure of the machine are provided for bearings which cannot be reached directly.

Arrows indicate oiling points where metal works against metal and where oiling is so important to reduce friction.

Oil is placed sparingly on the threads of all adjustable thumb screws to keep them working freely.

Several machines have gears that are lubricated instead of oiled.

Such gears are clearly indicated in the instruction book.

Remove Excess Oil

When the machine has been thoroughly, but sparingly oiled, run it slowly for several minutes to allow the oil to work into the moving parts.

Then remove the excess oil with a clean cheese cloth, or a fabric free of lint.

Learn to pass the folds of cloth between the tension discs to polish them and remove any dust, lint or oil that might have found its way there.

Learn to avoid catching the fine wire take-up spring in the cloth when polishing the tension discs.

Each thread guide and the face plate must be polished with clean cheese cloth to remove any accumulated dust, lint or oil.

The area around the presser foot and needle where both the presser bar and needle bar leave the heavy enclosure of the arm of the machine are often flowing with excess oil unless care was exercised when oiling.

Remove both presser foot and needle and with a clean cheese cloth wipe all the excess oil from this area.

Thread the machine and stitch until the thread is clear of oil.


Removing Gummed Oil
If the machine has been idle for several weeks and runs hard it is probably due to gummed oil.

When a machine has become gummed, all the working parts should be carefully oiled with kerosene/white gas.

This will loosen the old oil if not too badly gummed.

Run the machine rapidly for a few minutes and wipe thoroughly with a piece of cheese cloth.

Then oil all working parts with high-grade sewing machine oil.

A second oiling after a few hours of use is advisable whenever kerosene has been used. If the machine does not run freely after this treatment, it should be examined by a skilled sewing machine adjuster.

Lubricating Singer Motors

The motor on the Singer sewing machine is never oiled.

Singer motor lubricant is place in the tubes or cups that carry the lubricant to the revolving shaft and gears.

Motor lubricating tubes are to be filled with fresh lubricant twice yearly when the machine is used moderately.

Motors equipped with lubricant cups require attention only once a year.

The old lubricant is removed before filling with fresh lubricant.

Singer motors are especially built for the machines they power and give long trouble-free service with a minimum of attention.